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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Dec;86(4):345-350. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2016.08.024. Epub 2016 Aug 27.

Comparison of molecular typing methods for the analyses of Acinetobacter baumannii from ICU patients.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD; Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: jkjohnson@som.umaryland.edu.
2
Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD.
3
Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, MD.

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important cause of healthcare-associated infections causing great morbidity and mortality. Despite its clinical importance, it is still unknown which molecular typing method is the best to determine or confirm institutional outbreaks as well as to identify epidemiologically related isolates from different geographical areas. To determine the most discriminatory molecular typing method, we isolated A. baumannii from perianal swabs collected from intensive care unit (ICU) patients in a cohort study during 2002 and 2008. Strains from each year were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), and multi-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). Genetic relatedness of the isolates was consistent between PFGE and MLST as well as between analyses of loci containing MLVA and MLST. Our data show that PFGE and MLVA are similar when discriminating between isolates and are both good methods to use when questioning whether two isolates are indistinguishable.

KEYWORDS:

Acinetobacter; MLST; MLVA; PFGE

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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