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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 Oct 14;479(2):290-296. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.09.061. Epub 2016 Sep 14.

Berberine suppressed epithelial mesenchymal transition through cross-talk regulation of PI3K/AKT and RARα/RARβ in melanoma cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, School of Fundamental Medical Science, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.
2
Henan Institute of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Henan Luoyang Orthopedic-Traumatological Hospital, Henan, China.
3
Department of Pathology, School of Fundamental Medical Science, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: dubiaoyan@gzucm.edu.cn.

Abstract

Berberine is a natural compound extracted from Coptidis rhizoma, and accumulating proof has shown its potent anti-tumor properties with diverse action on melanoma cells, including inhibiting cancer viability, blocking cell cycle and migration. However, the mechanisms of berberine have not been fully clarified. In this study, we identified that berberine reduced the migration and invasion capacities of B16 cells, and notably altered pluripotency of epithelial to mesenchymal transition associated factors. We found that berberine also downregulation the expression level of p-PI3K, p-AKT and retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) and upregulation the expression level of retinoic acid receptor β and γ (RARβ and RARγ). These effects of PI3 kinase inhibitor LY294002 treatment mimicked Berberine treatment except the expression level of RARγ. Moreover, Western blot analysis showed that the decreased PI3K and AKT phosphorylation, increased the epithelial maker E-cadherin, and upregulation level of RARβ while decreased the mesenchymal markers N-cadherin and downregulation level of RARα by incubation with LY294002 in mouse melanoma B16 cells. In conclusion, Our study reveal that berberine can reverse the epithelial to mesenchymal transition of mouse melanoma B16 cells and may be a useful adjuvant therapeutic agent in the treatment of melanoma through the PI3K/Akt pathway and inactivation PI3K/AKT could regulate RARα/RARβ expression.

KEYWORDS:

Berberine; Epithelial mesenchymal transition; Melanoma; PI3K/AKT; Retinoic acid receptor

PMID:
27639645
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.09.061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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