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Behav Brain Res. 2017 Jan 15;317:82-87. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2016.09.035. Epub 2016 Sep 14.

The decrease of NMDAR subunit expression and NMDAR EPSC in hippocampus by neonatal exposure to desflurane in mice.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Neurobiology in Medicine, School of Biomedical Engineering, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Institute of Anesthesiology, Tianjin 300052, China.
3
Laboratory of Neurobiology in Medicine, School of Biomedical Engineering, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China. Electronic address: huishenlj@hotmail.com.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Institute of Anesthesiology, Tianjin 300052, China. Electronic address: wang_guolin@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Desflurane is one of the third generation inhaled anesthetics and can be used in obstetric and pediatric medicine. However, effects of exposure to desflurane on neonatal brain are largely unknown. In this work, 6-day-old C57BL/6J mice were exposed to 1MAC or 1.5MAC desflurane for 2h. When the mice were 28-day-old, the open-field, spontaneous alternation Y-maze and fear conditioning tests were performed to evaluate general activity, working memory and long term memory, respectively. Levels of NMDAR subunits NR1, NR2A, and NR2B expression in hippocampus were evaluated by western blot. NMDAR-mediated excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) in mouse hippocampal slice was recorded by whole-cell patch clamp record. Mice exposed to 1.5MAC desflurane had significantly impaired working memory and fear conditioning memory. The protein expression of NMDAR subunits (NR1, NR2B) and NMDAR-mediated EPSC in hippocampus were significantly decreased. However no significant difference was detected between mice exposed to 1.0MAC desflurane and control mice. In conclusion, in an animal model, 6-day-old mice exposed to 1.5MAC desflurane have significant impairments in working memory and contextual fear memory at postnatal day 28, and the decrease of NMDAR subunits expression and NMDAR EPSC in hippocampus may be involved in this process.

KEYWORDS:

Desflurane; Hippocampus; Mice; NMDAR; Neonatal

PMID:
27639321
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbr.2016.09.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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