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Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2017 Nov - Dec;52(6):313-316. doi: 10.1016/j.regg.2016.07.003. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

[Sarcopenia in the elderly with a history of COPD/asthma: Results of the SABE-Bogotá study].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia; Unidad de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá D.C., Colombia; Instituto de Envejecimiento, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Electronic address: mmborda@gmail.com.
2
Unidad de Neumología, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
3
Departamento de Investigación en Epidemiología Geriátrica, Instituto Nacional de Geriatría, Ciudad de México, México.
4
Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.
5
Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia; Unidad de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá D.C., Colombia; Instituto de Envejecimiento, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

It has been reported that sarcopenia frequently co-exists with COPD/asthma, and can significantly affect quality of life and the control of chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to describe the association between COPD/asthma and sarcopenia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Data was used from the SABE-Bogotá study, which included 2,000 older adults aged 60 years or more. It is a cross-probabilistic cluster sample with 81.9% coverage. The dependent variable was COPD/asthma. An analysis was performed to determine the association with sarcopenia and the other variables using univariate and bivariate analysis and logistic regression adjusted to confusion variables.

RESULTS:

The self-reported prevalence of COPD/asthma in the total sample was 16.7%, and Sarcopenia was estimated as 6,96%, but in COPD/asthma patients it was 11.2% (P=.004). In the multivariate analysis an association was found between COPD/asthma and sarcopenia (2.01, 95% CI: 1,21-3,35).

CONCLUSIONS:

Screening of sarcopenia in older adults with COPD/asthma, as well as interventions such as nutrition and exercise, are important, and ideally in the context of pulmonary rehabilitation programs, due the significant independent association that was found between COPD/asthma and sarcopenia.

KEYWORDS:

Aged; Anciano; Asma; Asthma; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica; Pulmonary rehabilitation; Rehabilitación pulmonar; Sarcopenia

PMID:
27639279
DOI:
10.1016/j.regg.2016.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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