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J Vet Diagn Invest. 2016 Nov;28(6):699-704. Epub 2016 Sep 16.

Biological variation of 20 analytes measured in serum from clinically healthy domestic cats.

Author information

1
Clinical Pathology Laboratory, University Animal Hospital (Falkenö, Hillström, Strage), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SwedenDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (Strage), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SwedenDepartment of Economics (von Brömssen), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden ulrika.falkeno@uds.slu.se.
2
Clinical Pathology Laboratory, University Animal Hospital (Falkenö, Hillström, Strage), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SwedenDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (Strage), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SwedenDepartment of Economics (von Brömssen), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The applications of data on biological variation include assessment of the utility of population-based reference intervals, evaluation of the significance of change in serial results, and setting of analytical quality specifications. We investigated the biological variation of 19 biochemistry analytes and total T4, measured in serum from 7 clinically healthy domestic cats sampled once weekly for 5 weeks. Samples were frozen and analyzed in random order in the same analytical run. Results were analyzed for outliers, and the components of variance, subsequently generated by restricted maximum likelihood, were used to determine within-subject and between-subject variation (CVI and CVG, respectively), as well as analytical variation (CVA) for each analyte. Indices of individuality, reference change values, and analytical performance goals were calculated. The smallest CVI and CVG were found for calcium, chloride, and sodium, whereas the largest values were calculated for bile acids. Nine analytes (albumin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, cholesterol, creatinine, phosphate [phosphorus], total protein, total T4) demonstrated high individuality, indicating limited utility of population-based reference intervals. Individuality was low, and population-based reference intervals were thereby considered appropriate for 5 analytes (bile acids, calcium, fructosamine, glucose, potassium). The intermediate individuality observed for 4 analytes (creatine kinase, iron, magnesium, urea) indicated that population-based reference intervals should be used with caution.

KEYWORDS:

Analytical quality specifications; feline; individuality; reference change value

PMID:
27638843
DOI:
10.1177/1040638716666602
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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