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J Invertebr Pathol. 2016 Oct;140:68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2016.09.002. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

Phylogenetic placement of two species known only from resting spores: Zoophthora independentia sp. nov. and Z. porteri comb nov. (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae).

Author information

1
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-2601, USA. Electronic address: aeh4@cornell.edu.
2
Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
3
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-2601, USA.
4
Department of Agriculture and Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg 1871, Denmark.
5
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.
6
USDA-ARS, Robert W. Holley Center, Tower Rd, Ithaca, NY 14853-2901, USA.

Abstract

Molecular methods were used to determine the generic placement of two species of Entomophthorales known only from resting spores. Historically, these species would belong in the form-genus Tarichium, but this classification provides no information about phylogenetic relationships. Using DNA from resting spores, Zoophthora independentia, infecting Tipula (Lunatipula) submaculata in New York State, is now described as a new species and Tarichium porteri, described in 1942, which infects Tipula (Triplicitipula) colei in Tennessee, is transferred to the genus Zoophthora. We have shown that use of molecular methods can assist with determination of the phylogenetic relations of specimens within the form-genus Tarichium for an already described species and a new species for which only resting spores are available.

KEYWORDS:

Entomopathogenic fungi; Entomophthorales; Resting spores; Tipula

PMID:
27637932
DOI:
10.1016/j.jip.2016.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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