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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:1813979. doi: 10.1155/2016/1813979. Epub 2016 Aug 21.

The Effects of Tai Chi Chuan on Improving Mind-Body Health for Knee Osteoarthritis Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Sports Medicine, China Medical University, No. 91, Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 404402, Taiwan.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, China Medical University, No. 91, Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 404402, Taiwan.
3
Division of Physical and Health Education, Center for General Education, National Sun Yat-sen University, No. 70 Lienhai Road, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan.
4
Department of Occupational Therapy, Asia University, No. 500, Lioufeng Road, Wufeng District, Taichung 41354, Taiwan.
5
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Assistive Device Center, Da-Chien General Hospital, No. 6, Shin Guang Street, Miaoli 36049, Taiwan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review examining whether Tai Chi Chuan could have mental and physical benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis.

METHODS:

MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant studies. Data of the studies were collected, and outcomes were classified using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model. Effect sizes of the mental and physical components were determined, along with the recommendation grades of Philadelphia Panel Classification System for Tai Chi Chuan on knee osteoarthritis.

RESULTS:

Eleven studies were selected and retrieved from the databases. The results of meta-analysis revealed that the effects of Tai Chi Chuan were observed for physical components in the body functions and structures domain. The effects favoring Tai Chi Chuan were observed in the physical component in the activities and participation domain. Insufficient data was included in the meta-analysis of the mental component.

CONCLUSIONS:

The review revealed that Tai Chi Chuan had beneficial outcomes for patients with knee osteoarthritis. The evidence-based results represented that it had small-to-moderate effects on body functions and structures, activities, and participation of physical component. However, there was insufficient evidence to support that Tai Chi Chuan had beneficial mental effect.

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