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Vet Parasitol. 1989 Jun;31(3-4):275-80.

Epidemiology of Oestrus ovis infection of sheep in the highveld of Zimbabwe.

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Department of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.


During a period of 13 months, 507 heads of sheep, obtained from an abattoir near Harare, were examined for infection with Oestrus ovis larvae. The prevalence of infection varied from 6 to 52%, the highest being in November and the lowest in April. The mean annual larval burden was 1.12. The maximum number of larvae recovered from a single head was 57 in the month of November. Two larval peaks were observed, the first and highest in November and the second in August/September. Some flies are present throughout the year, except in May. There are at least 3 generations of flies per year. The wet summer period from January to May seems to be unfavourable, as very few flies are present. There is no overwintering of first instar larvae in the heads of sheep.

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