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Vet Parasitol. 1989 Jun;31(3-4):187-97.

Haemorrhagic lesions resulting from Trypanosoma vivax infection in Ayrshire cattle.

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International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, Nairobi, Kenya.


Infection of Ayrshire cattle with a stock of Trypanosoma vivax from the Galana Ranch, Kenya, resulted in an acute disease characterised by profound anaemia and haemorrhage, which reached maximum severity between 3 and 5 weeks after infection. Bleeding from the ears, nose and rectum occurred. At necropsy, petechial and ecchymotic haemorrhages were widespread, but were particularly severe in the gastrointestinal tract. In confirmation of the gross findings, congestion, haemorrhage and degenerative changes in most tissues and organs were found histologically. Thrombi were seen in the lymphatic vessels and clots of fibrin were present in the ventricles of the brain. The anaemia was a consequence of frank blood loss through haemorrhaging, exacerbated by erythrophagocytosis of deformed red blood cells, whose occurrence was indicative of microangiopathic changes. Animals were euthanised between 23 and 36 days after infection when they became recumbent with PCV values as low as 9%. There is no doubt that animals affected by this syndrome in the field would die within a few weeks of infection, if left untreated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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