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Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2017 Winter;11 Suppl 1:S77-S80. doi: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000421.

PANRETINAL DEGENERATION ASSOCIATED WITH LONG-TERM HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE USE AND HETEROZYGOUS USH2A MUTATION.

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1
*Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California; and †Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report a case of bilateral panretinal degeneration in a patient with long-term hydroxychloroquine exposure and positive for a heterozygous mutation in the USH2A gene.

METHODS:

Retrospective case report. Multimodal imaging including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein angiography was performed and the results are presented. Electroretinography findings are also described.

RESULTS:

The authors report a 39-year-old patient with a history of hydroxychloroquine therapy for 20 years (cumulative dose of 2,774 g). Multimodal retinal imaging demonstrated bilateral paracentral outer retinal atrophy with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and characteristic of hydroxychloroquine toxicity. Full-field electroretinography showed bilateral panretinal depression of the rod and cone responses. Mutational analysis revealed that the patient was a carrier for an autosomal recessive mutation in the USH2A gene.

CONCLUSION:

We report a case of panretinal degeneration but with features characteristic of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy in a patient who was found to be a heterozygous carrier of the USH2A gene, a cause of recessive retinitis pigmentosa without hearing loss. Carrier status for a retinal degenerative mutation may have rendered this patient more susceptible to the retinotoxic effects of long-term hydroxychloroquine therapy.

PMID:
27632587
DOI:
10.1097/ICB.0000000000000421
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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