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Am J Public Health. 2016 Nov;106(11):2026-2031. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

Implementing an Evidence-Based Fall Prevention Intervention in Community Senior Centers.

Author information

  • 1Fuzhong Li is with Oregon Research Institute, Eugene. Peter Harmer is with the Department of Exercise Science, Willamette University, Salem, OR. Kathleen Fitzgerald is with Oregon Medical Group, Eugene.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the impact of implementing an evidence-based fall prevention intervention in community senior centers.

METHODS:

We used a single-group design to evaluate the Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance (TJQMBB) program's adoption, population reach, implementation, effectiveness, and maintenance among 36 senior centers in 4 Oregon counties between 2012 and 2016. The primary outcome measure, as part of the effectiveness evaluation, was number of falls as ascertained by self-report. Trained TJQMBB instructors delivered the program to community-dwelling older adults for 48 weeks, with a 6-month postintervention follow-up.

RESULTS:

TJQMBB was adopted by 89% of the senior centers approached and reached 90% of the target population. The program resulted in a 49% reduction in the total number of falls and improved physical performance. Participation was well maintained after the program's completion. The average cost-effectiveness ratio for the 48-week program implementation was $917 per fall prevented and $676 per fall prevented for multiple falls.

CONCLUSIONS:

TJQMBB is an effective public health program that can be broadly implemented in community senior centers for primary prevention of falls among community-dwelling older adults.

PMID:
27631751
PMCID:
PMC5055774
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2016.303386
[PubMed - in process]
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