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Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Sep;95(37):e4560. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000004560.

Effects of bovine colostrum on recurrent respiratory tract infections and diarrhea in children.

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  • 1aDepartment of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University bDepartment of Pediatrics, Qena Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University cDepartment of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University dDepartment of pediatrics, faculty of medicine, Al-Azhar university eDepartment of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bovine colostrum (BC) has direct antimicrobial and endotoxin-neutralizing effects throughout the alimentary tract, as well as other bioactivities that suppress gut inflammation and promote mucosal integrity and tissue repair under various conditions related to tissue injury. The precise role of BC in respiratory and gastrointestinal (GI) infections in children is not well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of BC administration in preventing recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and diarrhea in children.

METHODS:

One hundred sixty children (aged 1-6 years) having recurrent episodes of URTI or diarrhea received BC for 4 weeks. The number of episodes of URTI, diarrhea, and frequency of hospitalization required for URTI and diarrhea occurring during the study period were assessed at weeks 8 and 24.

RESULTS:

From a total number of 160 children, 81 patients (50.63%) were males. The mean age (± SD) was 3.65 (± 2.01) years. The mean (± SD) total number of infections was significantly decreased after BC therapy from 8.6 ± 5.1 at baseline to 5.5 ± 1.2 after 2 months (P < 0.001) and to 5.7 ± 1.6 after 6 months (P < 0.001). The mean (± SD) total number of URTI (P < 0.0001), number of episodes of diarrhea (P < 0.001), and number of hospital admissions (P < 0.001) were significantly decreased after BC therapy.

CONCLUSION:

BC is effective in the prophylaxis of recurrent URTI and diarrhea as it reduces the number of episodes and the hospitalization due to these infections. Results of this study suggest that BC could be provided as a therapeutic option for children with recurrent URTI and diarrhea.

PMID:
27631207
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000004560
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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