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Front Psychol. 2016 Aug 30;7:1311. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01311. eCollection 2016.

Affective Teacher-Student Relationships and Students' Externalizing Behavior Problems: A Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Institute of Curriculum and Instruction, East China Normal University Shanghai, China.
2
College of Education, Purdue University West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Abstract

This meta-analysis of 57 primary studies with 73,933 students shows strong links between affective teacher-student relationships (TSRs) and students' externalizing behavior problems (EBPs). Moreover, students' culture, age, gender, and the report types of EBPs moderated these effects. The negative correlation between positive indicators of affective TSRs and students' EBPs was stronger (a) among Western students than Eastern ones, (b) for students in the lower grades of primary school than for other students, (c) when rated by teachers or parents than by students or peers, and (d) among females than among males. In contrast, the positive correlation between negative indicators of affective TSRs and students' EBPs was stronger (a) among Eastern students than Western ones, (b) for students in the higher grades of primary school than for other students, and.

KEYWORDS:

affective teacher—student relationships; externalizing behavior problems; meta-analysis; students

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