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Sci Rep. 2016 Sep 14;6:33420. doi: 10.1038/srep33420.

The PCP pathway regulates Baz planar distribution in epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, Institute of Developmental Biology of Marseille (IBDM), case 907, 13288 Marseille cedex 09, France.

Abstract

The localisation of apico-basal polarity proteins along the Z-axis of epithelial cells is well understood while their distribution in the plane of the epithelium is poorly characterised. Here we provide a systematic description of the planar localisation of apico-basal polarity proteins in the Drosophila ommatidial epithelium. We show that the adherens junction proteins Shotgun and Armadillo, as well as the baso-lateral complexes, are bilateral, i.e. present on both sides of cell interfaces. In contrast, we report that other key adherens junction proteins, Bazooka and the myosin regulatory light chain (Spaghetti squash) are unilateral, i.e. present on one side of cell interfaces. Furthermore, we demonstrate that planar cell polarity (PCP) and not the apical determinants Crumbs and Par-6 control Bazooka unilaterality in cone cells. Altogether, our work unravels an unexpected organisation and combination of apico-basal, cytoskeletal and planar polarity proteins that is different on either side of cell-cell interfaces and unique for the different contacts of the same cell.

PMID:
27624969
PMCID:
PMC5022056
DOI:
10.1038/srep33420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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