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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Feb;98(2):211-219.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.08.466. Epub 2016 Sep 10.

Effectiveness of a Treatment Involving Soft Tissue Techniques and/or Neural Mobilization Techniques in the Management of Tension-Type Headache: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
2
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Complutense University of Madrid, Health Research Institute of San Carlos Clinical Hospital (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain.
3
Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.
4
Department of Physiotherapy and Nursery, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain.
5
Fisioplanet Center, The Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
6
Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville, Seville, Spain. Electronic address: angeloliva@us.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of a protocol involving soft tissue techniques and/or neural mobilization techniques in the management of patients with frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and those with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH).

DESIGN:

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled before and after trial.

SETTING:

Rehabilitation area of the local hospital and a private physiotherapy center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Patients (N=97; 78 women, 19 men) diagnosed with FETTH or CTTH were randomly assigned to groups A, B, C, or D.

INTERVENTIONS:

(A) Placebo superficial massage; (B) soft tissue techniques; (C) neural mobilization techniques; (D) a combination of soft tissue and neural mobilization techniques.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES:

The pressure pain threshold (PPT) in the temporal muscles (points 1 and 2) and supraorbital region (point 3), the frequency and maximal intensity of pain crisis, and the score in the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) were evaluated. All variables were assessed before the intervention, at the end of the intervention, and 15 and 30 days after the intervention.

RESULTS:

Groups B, C, and D had an increase in PPT and a reduction in frequency, maximal intensity, and HIT-6 values in all time points after the intervention as compared with baseline and group A (P<.001 for all cases). Group D had the highest PPT values and the lowest frequency and HIT-6 values after the intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

The application of soft tissue and neural mobilization techniques to patients with FETTH or CTTH induces significant changes in PPT, the characteristics of pain crisis, and its effect on activities of daily living as compared with the application of these techniques as isolated interventions.

KEYWORDS:

Musculoskeletal manipulations; Nerve tissue; Rehabilitation; Tension-type headache; Therapy, soft tissue

PMID:
27623523
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2016.08.466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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