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J Chem Inf Model. 2016 Oct 24;56(10):2115-2122. Epub 2016 Sep 22.

Sequence-Based Prediction of Protein-Carbohydrate Binding Sites Using Support Vector Machines.

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School of Information and Communication Technology and ‡Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University , Parklands Drive, Southport, Queensland 4215, Australia.


Carbohydrate-binding proteins play significant roles in many diseases including cancer. Here, we established a machine-learning-based method (called sequence-based prediction of residue-level interaction sites of carbohydrates, SPRINT-CBH) to predict carbohydrate-binding sites in proteins using support vector machines (SVMs). We found that integrating evolution-derived sequence profiles with additional information on sequence and predicted solvent accessible surface area leads to a reasonably accurate, robust, and predictive method, with area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.78 and 0.77 and Matthew's correlation coefficient of 0.34 and 0.29, respectively for 10-fold cross validation and independent test without balancing binding and nonbinding residues. The quality of the method is further demonstrated by having statistically significantly more binding residues predicted for carbohydrate-binding proteins than presumptive nonbinding proteins in the human proteome, and by the bias of rare alleles toward predicted carbohydrate-binding sites for nonsynonymous mutations from the 1000 genome project. SPRINT-CBH is available as an online server at .

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