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Int J Gen Med. 2016 Sep 1;9:311-4. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S115393. eCollection 2016.

Interstitial nephritis caused by HIV infection by itself: a case report.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases; Department of General Internal Medicine, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.
2
Division of Infectious Diseases.
3
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kobe University Hospital.
4
Department of Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Abstract

Interstitial nephritis is a common cause of renal dysfunction. It is primarily caused by drugs, infections, or autoimmune disorders. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can develop interstitial nephritis, although it typically occurs because of the aforementioned etiologies and not as a direct consequence of HIV infection. Interstitial lesions may occur in patients with HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). However, interstitial nephritis without the glomerular injuries characteristic of HIVAN, and without the risk factors described earlier, is very rare. Here, we describe a rare case of interstitial nephritis that was likely caused directly by HIV infection and not by other etiologies.

KEYWORDS:

HIV-associated nephropathy; human immunodeficiency virus; interstitial nephritis

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