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J Pediatr Genet. 2015 Sep;4(3):136-43. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1564440. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Overgrowth Syndromes.

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Division of Human Genetics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.


Numerous multiple malformation syndromes associated with pathologic overgrowth have been described and, for many, their molecular bases elucidated. This review describes the characteristic features of these overgrowth syndromes, as well as the current understanding of their molecular bases, intellectual outcomes, and cancer predispositions. We review syndromes such as Sotos, Malan, Marshall-Smith, Weaver, Simpson-Golabi-Behmel, Perlman, Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba, PI3K-related, Proteus, Beckwith-Wiedemann, fibrous dysplasia, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber, and Maffucci.


Bannayan–Riley–Ruvalcaba; Beckwith–Wiedemann; Malan; Marshall–Smith; PI3K-related; Perlman; Proteus; Simpson–Golabi–Behmel; Sotos; overgrowth syndrome

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