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Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2016 Oct;37(5):466-81. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2016.05.008. Epub 2016 May 6.

Vascular Diseases of the Spinal Cord: Infarction, Hemorrhage, and Venous Congestive Myelopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.
2
Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Comprehensive Stroke Center, University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute, Cincinnati, OH.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Comprehensive Stroke Center, University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute, Cincinnati, OH; Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address: todd.abruzzo@cchmc.org.

Abstract

Vascular pathologies of the spinal cord are rare and often overlooked. This article presents clinical and imaging approaches to the diagnosis and management of spinal vascular conditions most commonly encountered in clinical practice. Ischemia, infarction, hemorrhage, aneurysms, and vascular malformations of the spine and spinal cord are discussed. Pathophysiologic mechanisms, clinical classification schemes, clinical presentations, imaging findings, and treatment modalities are considered. Recent advances in genetic and syndromic vascular pathologies of the spinal cord are also discussed. Clinically relevant spinal vascular anatomy is reviewed in detail.

PMID:
27616317
DOI:
10.1053/j.sult.2016.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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