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Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2017 Apr;45(3):254-260. doi: 10.1111/ceo.12833. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

Clinical presentations, risk factors and outcomes of ceftazidime-resistant Gram-negative endophthalmitis.

Author information

1
Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for vitreoretinal diseases, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
2
Vitreo Retina and uveitis service, GMR Varalakshmi Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Visakhapatnam, India.
3
Jhaveri Microbiology Center, Brien Holden Eye Research Center, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients diagnosed with ceftazidime-resistant Gram-negative endophthalmitis and the role of intravitreal imipenem in these cases.

DESIGN:

Retrospective consecutive interventional case series at a tertiary eye care centre in South India.

PARTICIPANTS:

Consecutive cases of ceftazidime-resistant Gram-negative endophthalmitis from April 2010 to December 2014. Fifty-six cases diagnosed during this time period were included.

METHODS:

All cases were managed with vitreous biopsy/vitrectomy, microscopy and undiluted vitreous culture, antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates and received intravitreal antibiotics.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Anatomic and visual outcome of these cases, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of intravitreal imipenem and outcome of cases injected with it.

RESULTS:

Commonest presentation was acute endophthalmitis following cataract surgery (27 eyes, 48.21%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated in 33 eyes (58.93%; 95% CI 46.05-71.81%). Nineteen eyes (34%; 95% CI 21.59-46.41%) developed phthisis; 14 eyes (25%; 95% CI 13.66-36.34%) had vision <20/200; 17 eyes (30.35%; 95% CI 18.31-42.39%) eyes had an ambulatory vision >20/200 (logMAR 1); 6 eyes (10.71%; 95% CI 2.61-18.81%) had a reading vision >20/40 (logMAR 0.3). Trend was towards better anatomic (72.73% vs. 40%) (P = 0.05) and visual improvement in the imipenem group (logMAR 3.94 + 0.21 to 2.43 + 1.4; P = 0.002), as compared with non-imipenem group (logMAR 2.99 + 1.3 to 2.55 + 1.4; P = 0.13).

CONCLUSIONS:

Outcome of ceftazidime-resistant Gram-negative endophthalmitis is poor. P. aeruginosa is the commonest isolated organism. All cases were sensitive to imipenem. There was a trend towards better anatomic outcome in imipenem-treated eyes.

KEYWORDS:

Gram-negative; ceftazidime resistance; endophthalmitis; imipenem; intravitreal injection

PMID:
27616274
DOI:
10.1111/ceo.12833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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