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Eur J Pharmacol. 2016 Nov 15;791:308-315. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.09.014. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

Salvianolic acid B improves vascular endothelial function in diabetic rats with blood glucose fluctuations via suppression of endothelial cell apoptosis.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China.
2
Department of Pharmacology, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China. Electronic address: zhengsg2000@163.com.
3
Department of Basic Medicine, Anhui Vocational Institute of Population, Chizhou 247009, China.
4
Department of Basic Theory of Chinese Medicine, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230038, China.

Abstract

Vascular endothelial cell injury is an initial event in atherosclerosis. Salvianolic acid B (Sal B), a main bioactive component in the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has vascular protective effect in diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study investigated the effect of Sal B on vascular endothelial function in diabetic rats with blood glucose fluctuations and the possible mechanisms implicated. The results showed that diabetic rats developed marked endothelial dysfunction as exhibited by impaired acetylcholine induced vasodilation. Supplementation with Sal B resulted in an evident improvement of endothelial function. Phosphorylation (Ser 1177) of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was significantly restored in Sal B treated diabetic rats, accompanied by an evident recovery of NO metabolites. Sal B effectively reduced vascular endothelial cell apoptosis, with Bcl-2 protein up-regulated and Bax protein down-regulated markedly. Treatment with Sal B led to an evident amelioration of oxidative stress in diabetic rats as manifested by enhanced antioxidant capacity and decreased contents of malondialdehyde in aortas. Protein levels of NOX2 and NOX4, two main isoforms of NADPH oxidase known as the major source of reactive oxygen species in the vasculature, were markedly decreased in Sal B treated groups. In addition, treatment with Sal B led to an evident decrease of serum lipids. Taken together, this study indicates that Sal B is capable of improving endothelial function in diabetic rats with blood glucose fluctuations, of which the underlying mechanisms might be related to suppression of endothelial cell apoptosis and stimulation of eNOS phosphorylation (Ser 1177).

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Diabetes; Endothelial dysfunction; Oxidative stress; Sal B

PMID:
27614127
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.09.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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