Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2016 Dec;142(12):2551-2560. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

Severe weight loss during preoperative chemoradiotherapy compromises survival outcome for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China.
4
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China. dingpr@sysucc.org.cn.
5
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China. panzhzh@sysucc.org.cn.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In addition to tumor factors, poor nutritional status before and during anti-tumor treatment might compromise prognosis in several types of cancer. This study was done to determine the impact of weight loss during preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on the survival outcome of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).

METHODS:

The retrospective study examined consecutive patients with LARC who underwent preoperative CRT followed by radical resection in a single institute, between 2003 and 2013. Correlation of proportional body mass index (BMI) change after preoperative CRT and patient's demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment parameters, CRT-related toxicity, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were investigated.

RESULTS:

A total of 364 patients were enrolled, and BMI loss was found in 243 patients (66.2 %) after preoperative CRT. Severe weight loss (SWL) was defined as BMI loss ≥7 %. Thirty-nine (10.7 %) cases were enrolled in SWL cohort and found to have higher incidence of diarrhea (P = 0.033), renal disorder (P = 0.033) and grade 3-4 radiation proctitis (P = 0.041). Although no significant difference was found in 3-year DFS, patients in SWL cohort showed significantly worse 3-year OS rate (71.8 vs 88.0 %, P = 0.030) than the others. In univariate analysis, BMI loss ≥7 %, completed dose of preoperative chemotherapy, pathologic T and N stages were correlated with OS (all P < 0.05). In multivariable analysis, BMI loss ≥7 % (HR 1.984; 95 % CI 1.061-3.709; P = 0.032) remained the independent prognostic factor for OS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate that SWL during preoperative CRT indeed compromises survival outcome in patients with LARC. Routine nutritional monitoring and nutritional support during preoperative CRT are suggested as the integral part of the multidisciplinary approach for these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Preoperative chemoradiotherapy; Rectal cancer; Survival outcome; Weight loss

PMID:
27613188
PMCID:
PMC5095158
DOI:
10.1007/s00432-016-2225-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Ethical approval All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. A waiver of informed consent was requested, and the approval was obtained from independent ethics committees at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center