Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2016 Sep 9;11(9):e0162784. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162784. eCollection 2016.

CaMKII-Mediated CREB Phosphorylation Is Involved in Ca2+-Induced BDNF mRNA Transcription and Neurite Outgrowth Promoted by Electrical Stimulation.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, China.
3
Department of Clinical Aerospace Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
4
Department of Hereditary and Development, Basic Unit, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.

Abstract

Electrical stimulation (ES)-triggered up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurite outgrowth in cultured rat postnatal dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRGNs) is calcium (Ca2+)-dependent. The effects of increased Ca2+ on BDNF up-regulation and neurite outgrowth remain unclear. We showed here that ES increased phosphorylation of the cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB). Blockade of Ca2+ suppressed CREB phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth. Down-regulation of phosphorylated (p)-CREB reduced BDNF transcription and neurite outgrowth triggered by ES. Furthermore, blockade of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) using the inhibitors KN93 or KN62 reduced p-CREB, and specific knockdown of the CaMKIIα or CaMKIIβ subunit was sufficient to suppress p-CREB. Recombinant BDNF or hyperforin reversed the effects of Ca2+ blockade and CaMKII knockdown. Taken together, these data establish a potential signaling pathway of Ca2+-CaMKII-CREB in neuronal activation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the mechanisms of Ca2+-dependent BDNF transcription and neurite outgrowth triggered by ES. These findings might help further investigation of complex molecular signaling networks in ES-triggered nerve regeneration in vivo.

PMID:
27611779
PMCID:
PMC5017744
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0162784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center