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Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2017 Nov;45(7):1317-1325. doi: 10.1080/21691401.2016.1228664. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

Single-step biological fabrication of colloidal silver nanoparticles using Hugonia mystax: larvicidal potential against Zika virus, dengue, and malaria vector mosquitoes.

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a Department of Zoology, Unit of Vector Control, Phytochemistry and Nanotechnology , Annamalai University , Annamalainagar , Tamil Nadu , India.
b Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science , King Saud University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
c Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Insect Behavior Group , University of Pisa , Pisa , Italy.


Mosquito control is facing key challenges, including outbreaks of new arbovirus threats. We proposed an eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) employing a low-cost extract of Hugonia mystax. AgNPs were specified by UV, XRD, FTIR and EDX spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. AgNPs were more toxic to Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus larvae (LC50: 14.45, 15.86, and 17.46 μg/mL) if compared to aquatic biocontrol organisms Gambusia affinis, Diplonychus indicus, and Anisops bouvieri (LC50: 2567.15, 1075.16, and 829.63 μg/ml). Overall, we shed light on the mosquito larvicidal efficacy of H. mystax, a possible biological resource for low-cost fabrication of AgNPs.


Dengue; FTIR; SEM; TEM; XRD; green synthesis; mosquito-borne diseases; nanocomposite

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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