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Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2016 Sep;121(5):432-47. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-121.5.432.

Parent Beliefs About the Causes of Learning and Developmental Problems Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results From a National Survey.

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Katharine E. Zuckerman, Divison of General Pediatrics, Doernbecher Children's Hospital and Oregon Health & Science University; Olivia J. Lindly, Oregon State University, College of Public Health and Human Sciences; and Brianna Sinche, Division of General Pediatrics, Doernbecher Children's Hospital and Oregon Health & Science University.


This study aimed to assess variation in parent beliefs about causes of learning and developmental problems in U.S. children with autism spectrum disorder, using data from a nationally representative survey. Results showed that beliefs about a genetic/hereditary cause of learning/developmental problems were most common, but nearly as many parents believed in exposure causes. Forty present of parents had no definite causal beliefs. On multivariate analysis, parents who were non-White, publicly insured or poor were more likely than other parents to endorse exposure causes, or less likely to endorse genetic causes, compared to other parents. Further research should assess how these beliefs modify health care quality or services use.


autism spectrum disorder; causes; developmental delays; parent beliefs; socioeconomic factors

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