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Bioresour Technol. 2016 Nov;220:442-447. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.08.100. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

In-situ pyrogenic production of biodiesel from swine fat.

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Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea.
Department of Science and Environmental Studies, The Education University of Hong Kong, Tai Po, Hong Kong.
Environmental Energy Division, Land & Housing Institute, Daejeon 34047, Republic of Korea.
College of Life Sciences, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea.
Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:


In-situ production of fatty acid methyl esters from swine fat via thermally induced pseudo-catalytic transesterification on silica was investigated in this study. Instead of methanol, dimethyl carbonate (DMC) was used as acyl acceptor to achieve environmental benefits and economic viability. Thermo-gravimetric analysis of swine fat reveals that swine fat contains 19.57wt.% of water and impurities. Moreover, the fatty acid profiles obtained under various conditions (extracted swine oil+methanol+NaOH, extracted swine oil+DMC+pseudo-catalytic, and swine fat+DMC+pseudo-catalytic) were compared. These profiles were identical, showing that the introduced in-situ transesterification is technically feasible. This also suggests that in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification has a high tolerance against impurities. This study also shows that FAME yield via in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification of swine fat reached up to 97.2% at 380°C. Therefore, in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification can be applicable to biodiesel production of other oil-bearing biomass feedstocks.


Biodiesel; Dimethyl carbonate; In-situ transesterification; Porous material; Swine fat

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