Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 May 1;42(9):E555-E561. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001896.

Epidemiological Characteristics of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in Guangdong, China.

Author information

1
*Department of Orthopedics, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China †Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

A hospital-based retrospective epidemiological study.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to examine the demographic and epidemiological characteristics of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in Guangdong to help health-related institutions develop measures to determine the best allocation of medical resources.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

TSCI is a highly disabling and deadly injury. Currently, there is little information regarding the epidemiological characteristics for TSCI in Guangdong.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of partial second-grade class-A hospitals (mainly capturing general city and county hospitals and some large-scale affiliated hospitals) in Guangdong province according to the International Classification of Disease Version 10 (ICD-10) and diagnostic code of TSCI.

RESULTS:

The study included the medical records of 1340 patients with TSCI, and the annual number of TSCI admissions increased during the 2003 to 2011 period. The male-to-female ratio was approximately 3.5:1. The major causes of spinal cord injuries were high falls (41.0%) and traffic accidents (37.8%). The most common injury among patients with TSCI was cervical injury (818 cases). In addition, 62.9% of the patients had spinal fractures, 24.0% had other fractures, and 13.7% had brain injuries. Furthermore, 25.1% (337/1340) of the patients experienced clinical complications. The differences in the number of patients with and without complete injury who accepted surgery and hyperbaric oxygen therapy were statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the difference in total medical cost was significant (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

There are specific epidemiological characteristics of TSCI patients in Guangdong, and preventive measures are suggested to focus on high-risk populations, such as adult men.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

3.

PMID:
27607312
DOI:
10.1097/BRS.0000000000001896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center