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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Nov 1;168:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.08.012. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Marijuana use and service utilization among adolescents 7 years post substance use treatment.

Author information

1
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, 3rd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-2304, USA. Electronic address: cynthia.i.campbell@kp.org.
2
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, 3rd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-2304, USA. Electronic address: stacy.a.sterling@kp.org.
3
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, 3rd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-2304, USA. Electronic address: felicia.w.chi@kp.org.
4
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, 3rd Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-2304, USA. Electronic address: andrea.h.kline-simon@kp.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In an environment of increasingly liberal attitudes towards marijuana use and legalization, little is known about long-term trajectories of marijuana use among clinical samples of adolescents, and how these trajectories relate to health services utilization over time.

METHODS:

Latent growth curve analysis was used to identify distinct trajectories of marijuana use in a clinical sample of adolescents (N=391) over 7 years post substance use treatment in an integrated health system. We examined psychiatric problems and polysubstance use associated with the identified trajectory groups using general linear models. Nonlinear mixed-effects logistic regressions were used to examine associations between health services use and the trajectory groups.

RESULTS:

We identified three marijuana use trajectory groups: (1) Abstinent (n=117); (2) Low/Stable use (n=174); and (3) Increasing use (n=100). Average externalizing and anxiety/depression scores were significantly lower over time for the Abstinent group compared to the Increasing and Low/Stable groups. The Low Stable and the Increasing group had fewer psychiatric visits over time (p<0.05) and the Low/Stable group used more substance use treatment services over time compared with the Abstinent group (p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Treated adolescents showed distinct marijuana use patterns, one of which indicated a group of adolescents at risk of increased use over time. These individuals have greater psychiatric and polysubstance use over time, but may not be accessing needed services.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Longitudinal; Marijuana; Service utilization; Trajectories

PMID:
27606492
PMCID:
PMC5297892
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.08.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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