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Radiologe. 2016 Oct;56(10):921-938.

[Diagnostic imaging of breast cancer : An update].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Radiologische Klinik, Klinikum Baden-Baden, Balger Str. 50, 76532, Baden-Baden, Deutschland. m.funke@klinikum-mittelbaden.de.

Abstract

Advances in imaging of the female breast have substantially influenced the diagnosis and probably also the therapy and prognosis of breast cancer in the past few years. This article gives an overview of the most important imaging modalities in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Digital mammography is considered to be the gold standard for the early detection of breast cancer. Digital breast tomosynthesis can increase the diagnostic accuracy of mammography and is used for the assessment of equivocal or suspicious mammography findings. Other modalities, such as ultrasound and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play an important role in the diagnostics, staging and follow-up of breast cancer. Percutaneous needle biopsy is a rapid and minimally invasive method for the histological verification of breast cancer. New breast imaging modalities, such as contrast-enhanced spectral mammography, diffusion-weighted MRI and MR spectroscopy can possibly further improve breast cancer diagnostics; however, further studies are necessary to prove the advantages of these methods so that they cannot yet be recommended for routine clinical use.

KEYWORDS:

Biopsy; Breast cancer; Magnetic resonance imaging; Mammography; Ultrasonography

PMID:
27600118
DOI:
10.1007/s00117-016-0134-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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