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Regen Med. 2016 Oct;11(7):675-91. doi: 10.2217/rme-2016-0019. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Cell therapy for spinal cord injury informed by electromagnetic waves.

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Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, 1032 W. Sheridan Rd, Chicago, IL 60660, USA.


Spinal cord injury devastates the CNS, besetting patients with symptoms including but not limited to: paralysis, autonomic nervous dysfunction, pain disorders and depression. Despite the identification of several molecular and genetic factors, a reliable regenerative therapy has yet to be produced for this terminal disease. Perhaps the missing piece of this puzzle will be discovered within endogenous electrotactic cellular behaviors. Neurons and stem cells both show mediated responses (growth rate, migration, differentiation) to electromagnetic waves, including direct current electric fields. This review analyzes the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury, the rationale for regenerative cell therapy and the evidence for directing cell therapy via electromagnetic waves shown by in vitro experiments.


cell therapy; electrotaxis; galvanotaxis; neural precursors; neural regeneration; neurodegenerative disorders; spinal cord injury

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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