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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1989 Jul 1;195(1):81-6.

Essential hypertension in a dog.

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1
Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6010.

Abstract

Severe hypertension was diagnosed in a dog that initially was referred for evaluation of visual deficits and retinal hemorrhage and eventually was donated for medical treatment of hypertension. Initial blood pressure measured by direct methods was markedly high (systolic, 275 mm of Hg; diastolic, 170 mm of Hg). Measures of renal function were within normal limits, with the exception of hypotonic urine. A test protocol was designed to exclude possible secondary causes of hypertension; negative results of such tests allowed the diagnosis of essential hypertension. The consistency of the hypertension and its response to medical control were studied for 5 years. Blood pressure while the dog was untreated during those years was 240 +/- 24 mm of Hg (systolic) and 146 +/- 14 mm of Hg (diastolic). Plasma renin activity was within normal limits, and the response of the renin-angiotensin system to varied salt intake was normal. The most effective medications used to lower blood pressure were propranolol and captopril, both of which were more effective than salt restriction alone. Five years after the diagnosis of hypertension, the dog was euthanatized because of chronic renal failure secondary to pyelonephritis. Hypertension was less severe as the condition progressed into chronic renal failure. Complete necropsy did not reveal an obvious cause of the hypertension, and histopathologic changes were limited to the cardiovascular system, eyes, and kidneys.

PMID:
2759900
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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