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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2016 Sep 1;24:e2785. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.1191.2785.

Critical thinking: concept analysis from the perspective of Rodger's evolutionary method of concept analysis.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish; Abstract available in Portuguese and Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Doctoral Student , Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Assistant Professor, Departamento de Enfermagem Aplicada, Universidade Federal de Juíz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
2
Doctoral Student, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. RN, Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
3
PhD, Associate Professor, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

to analyze the concept of critical thinking (CT) in Rodger's evolutionary perspective.

METHOD:

documentary research undertaken in the Cinahl, Lilacs, Bdenf and Dedalus databases, using the keywords of 'critical thinking' and 'Nursing', without limitation based on year of publication. The data were analyzed in accordance with the stages of Rodger's conceptual model. The following were included: books and articles in full, published in Portuguese, English or Spanish, which addressed CT in the teaching and practice of Nursing; articles which did not address aspects related to the concept of CT were excluded.

RESULTS:

the sample was made up of 42 works. As a substitute term, emphasis is placed on 'analytical thinking', and, as a related factor, decision-making. In order, the most frequent preceding and consequent attributes were: ability to analyze, training of the student nurse, and clinical decision-making. As the implications of CT, emphasis is placed on achieving effective results in care for the patient, family and community.

CONCLUSION:

CT is a cognitive skill which involves analysis, logical reasoning and clinical judgment, geared towards the resolution of problems, and standing out in the training and practice of the nurse with a view to accurate clinical decision-making and the achieving of effective results.

PMID:
27598376
PMCID:
PMC5016005
DOI:
10.1590/1518-8345.1191.2785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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