Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Lung Cancer. 2016 Oct;100:63-70. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2016.06.013. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

The diagnostic value of circulating cell free DNA quantification in non-small cell lung cancer: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital & Thoracic Cancer Institute, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200433, PR China.
2
Department of Medical Oncology, Yancheng Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Yancheng Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Yancheng, 224001, China.
3
Department of Medical Oncology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital & Thoracic Cancer Institute, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200433, PR China. Electronic address: harry_ren@126.com.
4
Department of Medical Oncology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital & Thoracic Cancer Institute, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200433, PR China. Electronic address: caicunzhou_dr@163.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the current study was to assess the diagnostic value of circulating cell free DNA (cfDNA) quantification in discriminating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from healthy individuals.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An electronic search was conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Eligible studies regarding to examine the diagnostic value of cfDNA in the detection of NSCLC were extracted and analyzed.

RESULTS:

We identified 15 eligible studies with a total of 2125 patients. The pooled results for quantification of cfDNA in lung cancer screening in the included studies were as follows: sensitivity, 81% (95% confidence interval (CI), 76%-84%); specificity, 85% (95% CI, 77%-91%); diagnostic odds ratio, 23.87 (95% CI, 13.37-42.61); and areas under the summary receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86-0.92). Subgroup analyses according to the time of sample collection, sample materials, test method, reference gene and cutoff value did not improve sensitivity, but specificity could be significantly improved when we only included the studies using cfDNA sample before surgery or antitumor treatment and real-time PCR to detect cfDNA and human β-actin as a reference gene.

CONCLUSION:

Quantification of cfDNA was a promising and effective biomarker for discriminating NSCLC from healthy individuals.

KEYWORDS:

Circulating cell free DNA; Diagnosis; Meta-analysis; Non-small-cell lung cancer

PMID:
27597282
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2016.06.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center