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J Mal Vasc. 2016 Sep;41(5):329-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jmv.2016.08.002. Epub 2016 Sep 3.

Interest of punch skin grafting for the treatment of painful ulcers.

Author information

1
Service de médecine vasculaire, groupe hospitalier Paris - Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond-Losserand, 75674 Paris cedex 14, France. Electronic address: caroline.fourgeaud@aphp.fr.
2
Service de médecine vasculaire, groupe hospitalier Paris - Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond-Losserand, 75674 Paris cedex 14, France.
3
Service de dermatologie, plaies et cicatrisation, hôpital Rothschild, 5, rue Santerre, 75012 Paris, France.

Abstract

Skin leg ulcers are chronic painful wounds. The treatment of these ulcers is crucial for patients because pain has a significant impact on their daily lives. The analgesic effect of punch skin grafting (PSG) for the treatment of painful ulcers is not well described. The objective of the study is to assess the level of pain in patients with an ulcerated wound and to see if there is an analgesic effect of PSG.

PATIENT AND METHODS:

A single-center, non-interventional study conducted in hospitalized patients with one or several ulcer(s) of any type and which has been painful for more than six weeks. Pain was assessed before, the day after a PSG and then on the way out of hospital by a questionnaire and a numeric pain rating scale. Permanent pain and pain peaks were identified.

RESULTS:

Forty-one patients were included (23 men and 18 women) with a mean age of 73±21 years, 36% (n=15) with arterial ulcers, 36% (n=15) with venous ulcers, 12% (n=5) with necrotic angiodermatitis, 12% (n=5) with mixed ulcers and 4% (n=2) with "other ulcers" (due to infection and use of hydroxycarbamide). On day 1 of PSG, patients showed an improvement in terms of permanent pain (77%, n=24/31) and pain peaks (90%, n=37/41) respectively and 90% (n=28/31) and 95% (n=39/41) on the last day at hospital. Reduction in the use of strong opioids was found in 13 patients (81%).

CONCLUSION:

Punch skin grafting is a simple and validated treatment, which can reduce or eliminate pain related to ulcers. It has an effect on permanent pain and pain peaks. Its efficiency is particularly demonstrated on venous ulcers and mixed ulcers but also initially painful ulcers such as necrotic angiodermatitis or arterial ulcers.

KEYWORDS:

Douleur; Greffe cutanée en pastille; Pain; Punch skin grafting; Ulcer; Ulcère

PMID:
27596565
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmv.2016.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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