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Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr. 2016 Sep;65(7):534-49. doi: 10.13109/prkk.2016.65.7.534.

[Influence of Counsellor- and Intervention Variables on Motivation to Change Following a Brief Motivational Intervention to Reduce Risky Alcohol Use].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf Zentrum für Psychosoziale Medizin Deutsches Zentrum für Suchtfragen des Kindes- und Jugendalters (DZSKJ) Martinistraße 52 20246 Hamburg Deutschland https://www.uke.de/kliniken-institute/zentren/deutsches-zentrum-fuer-suchtfragen-des-kindes-und-jugendalters/ueber-das-zentrum/netzwerk/

Abstract

Influence of Counsellor- and Intervention Variables on Motivation to Change Following a Brief Motivational Intervention to Reduce Risky Alcohol Use Brief interventions are recommended for prevention and early intervention of risky alcohol use. However, evidence of their effectiveness, in particular for children and adolescents, is heterogeneous. Analysis of counsellor and intervention variables may provide insights into mechanisms of action in brief interventions and thereby contribute to an enhanced effectiveness. We analyzed data of N = 141 children and adolescents who were treated for acute alcohol intoxication in the emergency department. Study participants received a brief motivational intervention to reduce risky alcohol use during hospitalization. We applied multiple regression analysis to examine counsellor variables (empathy, affirmation, competence, congruence) and intervention variables (readiness and confidence ruler, decisional balance, goal agreement) as predictors of motivation to change. Higher scores on the basic therapeutic skill "positive affirmation" (R2 = 7.1 %; p < .01), finishing the intervention with a written goal agreement (R2 = 2.9 %; p < .05) and younger age were associated with greater readiness to change (R2 = 10.2 %; p < .01). Therefore, a special focus should be put on the counsellor skill "positive affirmation" when training new counsellors. Results also indicate that younger patients respond stronger to a brief intervention in this context.

KEYWORDS:

Alkohol; Kinder und Jugendliche; Wirkfaktoren; alcohol; brief motivational intervention; children and adolescents; mechanisms of action; motivierende Kurzintervention

PMID:
27595811
DOI:
10.13109/prkk.2016.65.7.534
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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