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Eur J Public Health. 2016 Oct;26(5):814-816. Epub 2016 Sep 4.

Employment status and income as potential mediators of educational inequalities in population mental health.

Author information

1
MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Top floor, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow, G2 3QB, UK vittal.katikireddi@glasgow.ac.uk.
2
Centre for Research on Environment, Society and Health, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh, EH8 9XP, UK.
3
MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Top floor, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow, G2 3QB, UK.

Abstract

We assessed whether educational inequalities in mental health may be mediated by employment status and household income. Poor mental health was assessed using General Health Questionnaire 'caseness' in working age adult participants (N = 48 654) of the Health Survey for England (2001-10). Relative indices of inequality by education level were calculated. Substantial inequalities were apparent, with adjustment for employment status and household income markedly reducing their magnitude. Educational inequalities in mental health were attenuated by employment status. Policy responses to economic recession (such as active labour market interventions) might reduce mental health inequalities but longitudinal research is needed to exclude reverse causation.

PMID:
27593454
PMCID:
PMC5054277
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/ckw126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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