Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Biochem. 2017 Jan;50(1-2):50-53. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2016.08.019. Epub 2016 Sep 2.

Serum diamine oxidase activity is associated with lactose malabsorption phenotypic variation.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, General Hospital Steyr, Sierningerstraße 170, 4400 Steyr, Austria; Clinical Institute of Medical and Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: dietmar.enko@gespag.at.
2
Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, General Hospital Steyr, Sierningerstraße 170, 4400 Steyr, Austria; Clinical Institute of Medical and Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: gernot.kriegshaeuser@gespag.at.
3
Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, General Hospital Steyr, Sierningerstraße 170, 4400 Steyr, Austria. Electronic address: gabriele.baumann@gespag.at.
4
Clinical Institute of Medical and Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: harald.mangge@medunigraz.at.
5
Practice for General Internal Medicine, Dr. Theodor-Körner-Straße 19b, 8600 Bruck an der Mur, Austria. Electronic address: w.schnedl@dr.schnedl.at.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Recently, an intermediate lactose intolerance (LI) phenotype based on the lactase gene (LCT) C/T-13910 polymorphism was proposed. However, a multifactorial genesis of LI phenotypic variation including endogenous and exogenous factors cannot be ruled out. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate a possible association between serum diamine oxidase (DAO) and LI phenotypes in individuals with lactose malabsorption (LM).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

A total of 121 ambulatory patients with LM were included in this retrospective study. The lactose hydrogen breath test (LHBT) and serum DAO activity measurements were performed on the same day. A thorough anamnesis with respect to gastrointestinal symptoms was carried out at the initial consultation.

RESULTS:

In total, 44 (36.4%) patients with a serum DAO activity <10U/mL showed higher H2 levels after 60 (mean: 53.7±57.6 vs 34.5±31.7 parts per million [ppm], p=0.116), 90 (mean: 70.3±57.5 vs 52.7±41.4ppm, p=0.184) and 120min (mean: 98.9±72.5 vs 67.9±44.9ppm, p=0.012) during LHBT compared to 77 (63.6%) patients with a serum DAO activity ≥10U/mL. Individuals with a serum DAO activity <10U/mL tended to report gastrointestinal symptoms during the LHBT more often (p=0.091).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that patients with LM and a serum DAO activity level<10U/mL had higher end-expiratory H2 levels and tended to be more symptomatic during the LHBT compared to LM patients with DAO activity levels ≥10U/mL.

KEYWORDS:

Breath test; Diamine oxidase; Lactose intolerance; Phenotypes

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center