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Exp Eye Res. 1989 Jul;49(1):1-12.

The effect of epinephrine and benzalkonium chloride on cultured corneal endothelial and trabecular meshwork cells.

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Oregon Health Sciences University, Ophthalmology Department, Portland 97201.


We evaluated the effect of dipivefrin hydrochloride, epinephrine hydrochloride, epinephrine borate and their respective vehicles with and without the preservative benzalkonium chloride, on the in vitro growth characteristics of human corneal keratocytes, endothelial cells and trabecular meshwork. Epinephrine hydrochloride and borate at low concentrations (0.0002%) significantly inhibited growth of both trabecular meshwork and corneal endothelial cells. Higher concentrations (0.02%) of these same drugs induced the same effect on the growth of keratocytes in vitro. Similar observations were made on the effect of dipivefrin hydrochloride on human corneal cells in vitro. Benzalkonium chloride alone was demonstrated to be responsible for the growth inhibitory effects on trabecular cells. The susceptibility of trabecular meshwork cells in culture to the commonly used ophthalmic preservative benzalkonium chloride is demonstrated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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