Send to

Choose Destination
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2016 Dec 1;148:85-94. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.08.050. Epub 2016 Aug 28.

Amine-functionalized poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles for improved cellular uptake and tumor penetration.

Author information

College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 24341, Republic of Korea.
College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 24341, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:


Amine-functionalized poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-NH2) nanoparticles (NPs) were developed for the delivery of phloretin. PLGA-NH2/phloretin NPs with 237nm mean diameter, narrow size distribution, and around -6mV zeta potential were fabricated by a modified emulsification-solvent evaporation method. The results of solid state studies revealed that drug was successfully incorporated into the polymeric NPs. The initial particle size of developed NPs was maintained after 24h incubation in human serum albumin (HSA) solution, fetal bovine serum (FBS), and phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Sustained and higher drug release patterns at acidic pH (pH 5.5), compared with neutral pH (pH 7.4), from PLGA-NH2 NPs were observed. The experimental data of flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) studies suggested that PLGA-NH2 NPs may have an improved cellular accumulation efficiency, compared with PLGA NPs, in Hep-2 cells (human laryngeal carcinoma). Also, PLGA-NH2 NPs exhibited enhanced growth inhibitory effects rather than PLGA NPs in Hep-2 spheroid model. By introducing a simple strategy based on amine-functionalization of PLGA NPs (without installing complicated functional moieties), improved cellular uptake and antitumor efficacies without severe toxicity, compared with unmodified PLGA NPs, have been accomplished.


Amine group; Nanoparticle; PLGA; Phloretin; Tumor penetration

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center