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J Aging Health. 2016 Oct;28(7):1194-213. doi: 10.1177/0898264316656509.

Trends in Working Life Expectancy in Europe.

Author information

1
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU) Elke.L@chula.ac.th.
2
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the article is to analyze past and present developments of working life expectancy (WLE) at age 50 by age, sex, and education in Europe. WLE is also compared with life expectancy (LE) and healthy life expectancy (HLE).

METHOD:

WLE is calculated with the Sullivan method. Labor force participation is based on the European Union (EU) Labor Force Survey.

RESULTS:

WLE at age 50 has been increasing since the mid- to late 1990s in most European countries. Increases were more pronounced among women than men. Differences in WLE by education are substantial. The comparison of WLE, LE, and HLE for the year 2009 reveals that the correlation between WLE and LE is smaller than between WLE and HLE.

DISCUSSION:

The analysis of trends in WLE at age 50, particularly when set in relation to remaining LE, provides useful insights about the development of the distribution of economically active and inactive years in Europe's aging societies.

KEYWORDS:

Europe; education; labor force participation; population aging; working life expectancy

PMID:
27590798
DOI:
10.1177/0898264316656509
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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