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BMC Oral Health. 2016 Sep 2;16(1):89. doi: 10.1186/s12903-016-0288-7.

Low vitamin D status strongly associated with periodontitis in Puerto Rican adults.

Author information

1
Postdoctoral Master of Science in Clinical and Translational Research, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, San Juan, 00936, PR, Puerto Rico.
2
College of Dentistry, Division of Periodontology, The Ohio State University, 305 W. 12th Avenue, Columbus, 43210, OH, USA.
3
School of Dental Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, San Juan, 00936, PR, Puerto Rico.
4
Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, San Juan, 00936, PR, Puerto Rico. cristina.palacios@upr.edu.
5
Nutrition Program, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, San Juan, 00936, PR, Puerto Rico. cristina.palacios@upr.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Periodontitis and vitamin D deficiency are both highly prevalent in Puerto Rico. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D levels and periodontal disease in Puerto Rican adults.

METHODS:

A sex-, age-, and BMI-matched case-control, cross-sectional study was conducted on 24 cases of moderate/severe periodontitis and 24 periodontally healthy controls aged 35 to 64 years. Each participant completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, underwent a full-mouth periodontal examination and provided blood sample to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels to assess vitamin D status.

RESULTS:

A total of 19 matched case-control pairs (28 females, 10 males) completed the study. Mean serum 25 (OH) D levels were significantly lower in cases (18.5 ± 4.6 ng/ml) than in controls (24.2 ± 7.1 ng/ml; p = 0.006). Lower odds of periodontal disease were observed per unit of 25 (OH) D level (OR 0.885; 95 % CI 0.785, 0.997; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Lower serum vitamin D levels are significantly associated with periodontitis in Puerto Rican adults.

KEYWORDS:

Hispanic Americans; Periodontitis; Puerto Rico; Vitamin D

PMID:
27590456
PMCID:
PMC5010763
DOI:
10.1186/s12903-016-0288-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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