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J Perinatol. 2016 Dec;36(12):1067-1072. doi: 10.1038/jp.2016.133. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and outcomes of preterm infants of 24 to 28 weeks' gestation.

Author information

1
Canadian Neonatal Network, Maternal-Infant Care Research Centre, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
UK Neonatal Collaborative, Neonatal Data Analysis Unit, Section of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital Campus, London, UK.
4
Swedish Neonatal Quality Register, Department of Pediatrics/Neonatal Services, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden.
5
Israel Neonatal Network, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Sheba Medical Centre, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
6
Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network, Royal Hospital for Women, National Perinatal Epidemiology and Statistic Unit, University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.
7
Neonatal Research Network Japan, Maternal and Perinatal Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
8
Swedish Neonatal Quality Register, Uppsala University, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala, Sweden.
9
Australia and New Zealand Neonatal Network, Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
10
Neonatal Research Network Japan, Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
11
Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDPs) and mortality and major morbidities in preterm neonates born at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation.

STUDY DESIGN:

Using an international cohort, we retrospectively studied 27 846 preterm neonates born at 240 to 286 weeks of gestation during 2007 to 2010 from 6 national neonatal databases. The incidence of HDP was compared across countries, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association of HDP and neonatal outcomes including mortality to discharge, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe brain injury, necrotizing enterocolitis and treated retinopathy of prematurity.

RESULTS:

The incidence of HDP in the entire cohort was 13% (range 11 to 16% across countries). HDP was associated with reduced odds of mortality (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.77; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.67 to 0.88), severe brain injury (aOR 0.74; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.89) and treated retinopathy (aOR 0.82; 95% CI 0.70 to 0.96), but increased odds of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (aOR 1.16; 95% CI 1.05 to 1.27).

CONCLUSIONS:

In comparison with neonates born to mothers without HDP, neonates of HDP mothers had lower odds of mortality, severe brain injury and treated retinopathy, but higher odds of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The impact of maternal HDP on newborn outcomes was inconsistent across outcomes and among countries; therefore, further international collaboration to standardize terminology, case definition and data capture is warranted.

PMID:
27583388
DOI:
10.1038/jp.2016.133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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