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N Am J Med Sci. 2016 Jul;8(7):263-7. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.187130.

Facial Palsy, a Disorder Belonging to Influential Neurological Dynasty: Review of Literature.

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1
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Facial paralysis is one of the common problem leading to facial deformation. Bell's palsy (BP) is defined as a lower motor neuron palsy of acute onset and idiopathic origin. BP is regarded as a benign common neurological disorder of unknown cause. It has an acute onset and is almost always a mononeuritis. The facial nerve is a mixed cranial nerve with a predominant motor component, which supplies all muscles concerned with unilateral facial expression. Knowledge of its course is vital for anatomic localization and clinical correlation. BP accounts for approximately 72% of facial palsies. Almost a century later, the management and etiology of BP is still a subject of controversy. Here, we present a review of literature on this neurologically significant entity.

KEYWORDS:

Bell's palsy; corticosteroids; facial palsy; neurological disorder

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