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Trauma Violence Abuse. 2018 Oct;19(4):406-419. doi: 10.1177/1524838016663937. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Sports Fans, Alcohol Use, and Violent Behavior: A Sociological Review.

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1 Department of History, Sociology, & Anthropology, Southern Utah University, Cedar City, UT, USA.


This review makes four contributions to the sociological study of sports fans, alcohol use, and violent behavior. First, this article focuses explicitly on the relationship between alcohol use and violent behavior among sports fans. This is a worldwide social problem, yet it is quite understudied. Second, this article synthesizes the fragmented literature on alcohol use and violent behavior among sports fans. Third, this article identifies four broad sets of risk factors-sociocultural, event/venue, police, and crowd-that appear to be closely related to violent behavior among sports fans. Finally, to help explain the possible correlation between alcohol and violence among sports fans, this article draws upon the key understandings from the literature on alcohol and violence in wider society. The article concludes with suggestions for future research.


alcohol; hooligan; sports fan; sports riot; violence

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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