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Biofactors. 2017 Jan 2;43(1):17-41. doi: 10.1002/biof.1318. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Nutrigenomics of extra-virgin olive oil: A review.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nutrition and Clinical Biochemistry Lab, University of Perugia, Italy.
2
IRCCS MultiMedica, Scientific and Technology Pole, Milan, Italy.
3
Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnologies, University of Perugia, Italy.
4
NEUROFARBA - Section of Phamacology and Toxicology, University of Firenze, Italy.
5
CREA-NUT, Consiglio per La Ricerca in Agricoltura E L'Analisi Dell'Economia Agraria, Food and Nutrition Research Centre, via Ardeatina 546, 00178, Roma, Italy.
6
Research and Statistics, Department, IRCCS "Tecnologie Avanzate E Modelli Assistenziali in Oncologia", Laboratory of Translational Research, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy.
7
Department of Agricultural Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Nutrigenomics data on the functional components of olive oil are still sparse, but rapidly increasing. Olive oil is the main source of fat and health-promoting component of the Mediterranean diet. Positive effects have been observed on genes involved in the pathobiology of most prevalent age- and lifestyle-related human conditions, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and neurodegeneration. Other effects on health-promoting genes have been identified for bioactive components of olives and olive leafs. Omics technologies are offering unique opportunities to identify nutritional and health biomarkers associated with these gene responses, the use of which in personalized and even predictive protocols of investigation, is a main breakthrough in modern medicine and nutrition. Gene regulation properties of the functional components of olive oil, such as oleic acid, biophenols and vitamin E, point to a role for these molecules as natural homeostatic and even hormetic factors with applications as prevention agents in conditions of premature and pathologic aging. Therapeutic applications can be foreseen in conditions of chronic inflammation, and particularly in cancer, which will be discussed in detail in this review paper as major clinical target of nutritional interventions with olive oil and its functional components.

KEYWORDS:

extravirgin olive oil; nutrigenomics; olive oil; polyphenols; vitamin E

PMID:
27580701
DOI:
10.1002/biof.1318
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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