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Oncotarget. 2016 Sep 27;7(39):64182-64190. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.11639.

Biologic behavior and long-term outcomes of breast ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, P.R. China.
2
Department of Pathology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, P.R. China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion (DCIS-Mi) generally has favorable prognosis, but the long-term outcomes of DCIS-Mi and the biologic evolution from ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), DCIS-Mi, to DCIS with T1a breast cancer (DCIS-T1a) has not been specified. The aim of our study was to explore the biological and prognostic features of DCIS-Mi, compared with pure DCIS and DCIS-T1a.

RESULTS:

After a median follow-up of 31 months, the 3-year estimated disease free survival(DFS) rate of DCIS-Mi patients was significantly lower than that of pure DCIS patients (89.5% vs 97.1%, P=0.009). Patients with DCIS-Mi or DCIS-T1a tumors had comparable 3-year estimated DFS rates (89.5% vs 94.3%, P=0.13). No significant difference in overall survival (OS) was found among different groups (99.6%, 100% and 99.1% for DCIS, DCIS-Mi and DCIS-T1a, P=0.797). In chemotherapy and trastuzumab-naive DCIS-Mi patients, human epidermal growth factor receptor2 (HER2) positivity (HR=21.8, 95%CI, 1.7-286.8, P=0.019) were independent predictor of worse DFS on multivariate analysis.

METHODS:

During September 2002 and December 2014, 602 breast cancer patients who underwent radical surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Three hundred and fifty-nine patients (59.6%) had pure DCIS, 84(14.0%) and 159(26.4%) were diagnosed as DCIS-Mi and DCIS-T1a. Clinico-pathological features were compared between different subgroups.

CONCLUSIONS:

DCIS-Mi displayed a comparable survival to that of DCIS-T1a and a more aggressive biological nature than pure DCIS. Patients with HER2-positive DCIS-Mi had a worse survival and adjuvant chemotherapy plus target therapy needs to be further optimized in those patients.

KEYWORDS:

breast carcinoma; clinico-pathological feature; ductal carcinoma in situ; microinvasion; prognosis

PMID:
27577080
PMCID:
PMC5325434
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.11639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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