Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Sport Sci. 2017 Mar;17(2):144-151. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1221470. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

A novel sleep optimisation programme to improve athletes' well-being and performance.

Author information

1
a Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health, A Flinders Centre of Research Excellence, Repatriation General Hospital , Daw Park , South Australia , Australia.
2
b NHMRC Centres of Research Excellence CIRUS and NEUROSLEEP, Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, The University of Sydney , Sydney , Australia.
3
c Harvard Medical School, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Brigham and Women's Hospital , Boston , MA , USA.
4
d Adelaide Football Club , West Lakes , South Australia , Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To improve well-being and performance indicators in a group of Australian Football League (AFL) players via a six-week sleep optimisation programme.

DESIGN:

Prospective intervention study following observations suggestive of reduced sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness in an AFL group.

METHODS:

Athletes from the Adelaide Football Club were invited to participate if they had played AFL senior-level football for 1-5 years, or if they had excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS] >10), measured via ESS. An initial education session explained normal sleep needs, and how to achieve increased sleep duration and quality. Participants (n = 25) received ongoing feedback on their sleep, and a mid-programme education and feedback session. Sleep duration, quality and related outcomes were measured during week one and at the conclusion of the six-week intervention period using sleep diaries, actigraphy, ESS, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Profile of Mood States, Training Distress Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and the Psychomotor Vigilance Task.

RESULTS:

Sleep diaries demonstrated an increase in total sleep time of approximately 20 min (498.8 ± 53.8 to 518.7 ± 34.3; p < .05) and a 2% increase in sleep efficiency (p < 0.05). There was a corresponding increase in vigour (p < 0.001) and decrease in fatigue (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Improvements in measures of sleep efficiency, fatigue and vigour indicate that a sleep optimisation programme may improve athletes' well-being. More research is required into the effects of sleep optimisation on athletic performance.

KEYWORDS:

Fatigue; education; lifestyle; team sport

PMID:
27574901
DOI:
10.1080/17461391.2016.1221470
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center