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Commun Integr Biol. 2016 May 18;9(4):e1188241. doi: 10.1080/19420889.2016.1188241. eCollection 2016 Jul-Aug.

The function of Shoc2: A scaffold and beyond.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky , Lexington, KY, USA.

Abstract

The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) cascade regulates a myriad of functions in multicellular organisms. Scaffold proteins provide critical spatial and temporal control over the specificity of signaling. Shoc2 is a scaffold that accelerates activity of the ERK1/2 pathway. Loss of Shoc2 expression in mice results in embryonic lethality, thus highlighting the essential role of Shoc2 in embryogenesis. In agreement, patients carrying mutated Shoc2 suffer from a wide spectrum of developmental deficiencies. Efforts to understand the mechanisms by which Shoc2 controls ERK1/2 activity revealed the intricate machinery that governs the ability of Shoc2 to transduce signals of the ERK1/2 pathway. Understanding the mechanisms by which Shoc2 contributes to a high degree of specificity of ERK1/2 signaling as well as deciphering the biological functions of Shoc2 in development and human disorders are major unresolved questions.

KEYWORDS:

ERK1/2; scaffold; Shoc2

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