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Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Aug;50(2):307-14.

Failure of dietary fat intake to promote fat oxidation: a factor favoring the development of obesity.

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Institute of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.


Seven young men spent three nights and 2 d in a respiration chamber where their rates of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation were continuously measured by indirect calorimetry. During the first 24 h they ingested a mixed maintenance diet containing 35% of calories as fat. An additional amount of 106 +/- 6 g fat/24 h (means +/- SD) was added to this diet during the following 36 h. The fat supplement (987 +/- 55 kcal/d) did not alter 24-h energy expenditure (2783 +/- 232 vs 2820 +/- 284 kcal/d) and failed to promote the use of fat as a metabolic fuel (fat oxidation 1032 +/- 205 vs 1042 +/- 205 kcal/d). The overall energy balance was closely correlated with the fat balance (r = 0.96, p less than 0.001) but not with the carbohydrate balance (r = -0.12, NS). These data indicate that substantial imbalances between intake and oxidation are much more likely for fat than for carbohydrate.

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