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Alcohol. 2016 Aug;54:17-22. doi: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2016.05.006. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Association of alcohol consumption pattern with risk of hypertension in Korean adults based on the 2010-2012 KNHANES.

Author information

1
Health Promotion Center, Chung-Ang University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
International Health Care Center, Severance Hospital, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Family Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Health Promotion Center, Chung-Ang University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju-city, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: kanght0818@gmail.com.

Abstract

We examined the association between alcohol-drinking pattern and hypertension in Korean adults. This cross-sectional study included 15,052 participants (7054 men and 7998 women) who were included in the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). We categorized alcohol-drinking patterns into three groups based on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score: low-risk (score: 0-7), intermediate-risk (score: 8-14), and high-risk (score: ≥15). Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, or current use of anti-hypertensive medications. In the study population, 25.2% of men and 4.6% of women were high-risk drinkers. Hypertension prevalence was 30.8% in men and 20.6% in women. Of the total population, 13.8% of men and 13.6% of women were using anti-hypertensive drugs. Age-adjusted hypertension prevalence was 30.8, 40.9, and 45.3% in men, and 24.6, 27.0, and 32.3% in women in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk drinking group, respectively. Compared to the low-risk drinking group, the prevalence ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) for hypertension was 1.664 (1.4331.933) and 2.070 (1.772-2.418) for men and 1.012 (0.774-1.323) and 1.650 (1.080-2.522) for women in the intermediate- and high-risk drinking group, respectively, after adjusting for age and other confounding factors. In conclusion, our study suggests high-risk drinking appears to be associated with a higher risk of hypertension in men and women.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Hypertension; Lifestyle; Prevalence

PMID:
27565751
DOI:
10.1016/j.alcohol.2016.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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